December 7, 2015 by wimvincken
Here follows the moments, which almost could start the third World War.
Soviet submarine B–59
In October 1962, a US Navy HSS -1 Sea bat helicopter hovers over Soviet submarine B-59, forced to the surface by US Naval forces in the Caribbean near Cuba. B -59 had a nuclear torpedo on board, three officer keys were required to use it. Only one dissent prevented the submarine from attacking the US fleet nearby, a spark that would certainly have led to a third world war.
The Korean war in 1950–1953
The war against communistic North Korea against democratic South Korea led to heightened tensions worldwide. North Korea was supported by Russia and China, both communistic. South Korea was supported by America and the UN. The global opinion was that this conflict could easily expand in a third World War.
Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962
Russia wanted to build a nuclear missile base on the communistic island, but President Kennedy was aggressively against it. A showdown of forces almost led to WW3. The Russians backed off at the last moment.
Yom Kippur war in 1973
The war, where several Arab states attacked Israel. The attacks were initially successful, until Israel counterattacked.
The Arab states were supported by Russia and Israel was supported by America. Both countries naval forces in the region were almost attacking each other. The DEFCON status went from 4 to 3! DEFCON 1 status is war. The situation during this war almost led to a conflict between the superpowers!
Computer glib in 1979
Computers reported in 1979 a massive nuclear attack by the Soviet Union.
The US made emergency retaliation programs to strike back until it was discovered that there was a serious problem with their computer systems.
The special thing to report was that the world was only minutes away from a nuclear war!
Computer glib in 1983
The Russian computers detected a massive nuclear attack by the US, but later it was discovered a computer glib by the Russian computers.
Able Archer 83 in 1983
A NATO exercise in simulating a DEFCON 1 status, but the Russians saw this as means of the so called first strike on the Soviet Union.
The Russian forces were put on alert in several satellite countries like East Germany.
The Norwegian Rocket incident in 1995
The radar signature of the experimental rocket Black Brant XII was confused with that of nuclear rocket. It was the first time that the nuclear suitcase was activated.
Crimean Crisis in 2014
Russian President Putin threatened to increase nuclear readiness against international interference in Ukraine.
Other unknown events
The events described in this article are the publicized events, which almost led to nuclear showdown between superpowers the US and the USSR.
But there were several events in history between the USSR and China. Also there were several events between the NATO and the USSR, which were never published. Several times the DEFCON status was increased to increased readiness without any public confirmation. The change of DEFCON status only happens when war might start any moment.
What is WW3?
The event with the Soviet submarine B-59 was the worst incident, which would very likely led to a nuclear conflict between the US and the USSR. The B-59 submarine was really trying to attack the nearby US fleet with a nuclear torpedo. Only one man of the three refused to execute the attack in the Russian submarine.
Let me make it clear, dear reader. If that submarine managed to launch that attack, nobody would be alive now.
But is WW3 a nuclear war? Not necessarily, it can be a war like the previous one. A World War is a war, involving multiple large countries on different continents.
Nuclear weapons, are they bad?
Nuclear weapons are weapons for mass destruction. They are nothing else then bombs, causing huge explosions.
The superpowers have nuclear weapons for several reasons. First as means of attack. Second, as means for defense. Defense based on the principle of deterrence. With other words, if a country gets attacked, the counterattack will be utterly destruction for the attacker.
Over time, the superpowers could not start a war without the risk of being destroyed by the other sides. A balance was reached.
When the cold war was ended, the threat of war was decreased. But nuclear weapons are still there. Deterrence of nuclear wars is still intact. The risk of total destruction of any form of life on earth is still there.
Deterrence is the only positive factor, which might justify owning nuclear weapons. But the lately growth of countries having nuclear weapons is worrying. For example North Korea and Iran. North Korea is an unstable state. There is no reason for deterrence. Iran is known for its expansionism and having nuclear weapons is also no case for deterrence. They are likely to use nuclear weapons in an attack.
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